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الإسم : عامر الجوخدار

الرتبة العلمية: أستاذ مساعد

المسمى الوظيفي: عضو هيئة تدريسية

المكتب 4429       الرقم الفرعي 4429

بريد الكتروني: amer.aljokhadar@uop.edu.jo

التخصص: التصميم المعماري البارامتري والاستدامة الاجتماعية

جامعة التخرج: جامعة كارديف، بريطانيا

المؤهل العلمي

    المؤهل العلمي

    الجامعة

    البلد

    سنة الحصول على المؤهل

    البكالوريوس
    جامعة العلوم والتكنولوجيا الأردنية
    الاردن
    2001
    الماجستير
    جامعة العلوم والتكنولوجيا الأردنية
    الاردن
    2004
    الدكتوراه
    جامعة كارديف، بريطانيا
    المملكه المتحدة
    2018

أيلول 2018 - الآن: أستاذ مساعد، كلية العمارة والتصميم، قسم هندسة العمارة، جامعة البترا، الأردن.

تشرين ثاني 2013 - آب 2015: مساعد العميد لشؤون التدريب والجودة، كلية العمارة والتصميم، جامعة عمان الأهلية، الأردن.

أيلول 2012 - آب 2015: مدرس، قسم هندسة العمارة، كلية العمارة والتصميم، جامعة عمان الأهلية، الأردن.

أيلول 2006 - حزيران 2010: محاضر غير متفرغ، كلية العمارة والبيئة المبنية، الجامعة الألمانية الأردنية، الأردن.

شباط 2005 - حزيران 2006: محاضر غير متفرغ، قسم هندسة العمارة، جامعة العلوم والتكنولوجيا الأردنية، الأردن.

كانون ثاني 2003 - آب 2012: مدير مشاريع، مهندس معماري رئيسي، مصمم حضري و باحث. تراث للدراسات والتصميم، عمان، الأردن.



  • Journal Paper





      Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W. , " Applying the vernacular model to high-rise residential development in the Middle East and North Africa " , "International Journal of Architectural Research (Archnet-IJAR), Vol. 11, No. 2",Vol.11,No., -, UK, 07/01/2017 :الملخص
      In the age of globalisation and continuous urbanisation, architects have a greater responsibility to design residential buildings with comfortable and sustainable environments. However, sustainable solutions should not concern themselves only with utilising technology, but also with creating synergies amongst community’s social, cultural, historical, and environmental aspects. This research focuses on the implications of this wider definition of sustainability within the hot-arid climates of the Middle-East and North-Africa. Most of the current high-rise residential buildings in these regions do not promote social cohesion as they have been constructed without consideration for local identity and lifestyle. In contrast, vernacular courtyard dwellings and neighbourhoods offer good examples of socially cohesive and healthy environments. Yet, vernacular houses might not be compatible with pressures of modern construction. The question then becomes how to maintain the relationship between the spatial, social and environmental aspects while employing the latest technologies and materials. This paper presents the different qualities of vernacular houses and neighbourhoods in the different regions of the Middle-East and North-Africa. Social and spatial relationships of different cases are assessed, through a typological analysis approach using a developed syntactic-geometric model, to trace the lifestyle and the cultural values of the society. The aim is a parametric exploration of appropriate sustainable solutions that facilitate the synergy of socio-climatic requirements, the well-being qualities of the residents, and the specifics of culture, time and people while designing sustainable high-rise developments. Download




      Al-Jokhadar, A, and Jabi, W., " Spatial Reasoning as a Syntactic Method for Programming Socio-Spatial Parametric Grammar for Vertical Residential Buildings " , "Architectural Science Review",Vol.Vol. 63, Issue 2,No., Taylor & Francis Group, London, United Kingdom, 03/13/2020 :الملخص
      Integrating social constraints in computational models remains a challenge due to the difficulties in representing them algorithmically. Different methods, such as shape grammar and space syntax, consider the morphology of the overall form and its components. This research aims to find a mechanism for combining both methods for exploring spatial-formal features that affect the social life in vernacular houses in the Middle East and North Africa region. A developed model of ‘spatial reasoning’ analysis, embedded in Rhino/Grasshopper, offers an alternative method for extracting topological relations, understanding the social logic of spaces, and exploring the residents’ behaviour by evaluating privacy, social interaction, and accessibility. The results of an analysis for vernacular houses and neighbourhoods were transformed into codes and parameters to be used for designing new vertical developments inspired from local traditions. The constructed grammar was used for developing a computational tool that generates alternatives which successfully achieved the principles of social sustainability.




      Eiloti, B., and Al-Jokhadar A., " A Generative System for Mamluk Madrasa Form-Making " , "Nexus Network Journal: Architecture and Mathematics",Vol.Vol. 9, Issue 1,No., -, Italy, 03/01/2007 :الملخص
      In this paper, a parametric shape grammar for the derivation of the floor plans of educational buildings (madrasas) in Mamluk architecture is presented. The grammar is constructed using a corpus of sixteen Mamluk madrasas that were built in Egypt, Syria, and Palestine during the Mamluk period. Based on an epistemological premise of structuralism, the morphology of Mamluk madrasas is analyzed to deduce commonalities of the formal and compositional aspects among them. The set of underlying common lexical and syntactic elements that are shared by the study cases is listed. The shape rule schemata to derive Mamluk madrasa floor plans are formulated. The sets of lexical elements and syntactic rules are systematized to form a linguistic framework. The theoretical framework for the formal language of Mamluk architecture is structured to establish a basis for a computerized model for the automatic derivation of Mamluk madrasa floor plans.




      Eiloti, B., and Al-Jokhadar A., " A Computer-Aided Rule Based Mamluk Madrasa Plan Generator " , "Nexus Network Journal: Architecture and Mathematics",Vol.Vol. 9, Issue 1,No., -, Italy, 03/01/2007 :الملخص
      A computer-aided rule-based framework that restructures the unstructured information embedded in precedent designs is introduced. Based on a deductive analysis of a corpus of sixteen case studies from Mamluk architecture, the framework is represented as a generative system that establishes systematic links between the form of a case study, its visual properties, its composition syntax and the processes underlying its design. The system thus formulated contributes to the areas of design research and practice with a theoretical construct about design logic, an interactive computerized plan generator and a combination of a top-down approach for case study analysis and a bottom-up methodology for the derivation of artifacts.


  • Chapter in a Book





      Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W., " Qualitative representation and spatial reasoning in a rule-based computational design model " , "The Virtual and the Physical: between the Representation of Space and the Making of Space - Proceedings of the 5th eCAADe Regional International Symposium",Vol.-,No., eCAADe Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, and the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK, 04/26/2017 :الملخص
      Integrating social and cultural constraints in computational models remains a challenge due to the difficulties in representing them algorithmically. This research aims to find a mechanism for combining shape grammars and space syntax methods for exploring spatial-formal features that affect the social life in residential buildings. ‘Spatial reasoning’ as a method for understanding the social logic of spaces and the residents’ behavior, integrated with ‘discursive grammar’ as a method for describing formal and topological relationships, are adopted. Several computational tools are used for analysing qualitative aspects, such as privacy, social interaction, and accessibility. An automated model of spatial/syntactical analysis, embedded in Rhino/Grasshopper, offers an alternative method for extracting topological relations and syntactic calculations. Using this tool, designers can add new aspects to the justified graph of Hiller and Hanson, as a representation to formal and social realities, such as orientation and geometric configuration. Results of analysis are transformed into codes, parameters, and descriptions, to be used for designing future developments, inspiring from local traditions. The target is to generate different alternatives for socially sustainable, and ‘contemporary vernacular’ buildings, which respect the context, and the needs of users. Download




      Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W., " Enhancing social-cultural sustainability in tall buildings: a trace from vernacular houses " , "Cities to Megacities: Shaping Dense Vertical Urbanism - A collection of state-of-the-art, multi-disciplinary papers on urban design, sustainable cities, and tall buildings - Proceedings of the CTBUH 2016 International Conference. ",Vol.1, Ch. 9,No., Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, Chicago, USA, 10/16/2016 :الملخص
      In the age of globalisation and continuous urbanisation, architects have a greater responsibility to design buildings with comfortable and sustainable environments. However, solutions should not concern themselves only with utilising technology, but also with creating synergies amongst community’s social and historical aspects. This research focuses on the implications of this wider definition of sustainability within the hot-arid climates of the Middle-East and North-Africa. Most of the current tall residential buildings in these regions, in contrast to vernacular courtyard houses, do not promote social cohesion and local identity. Yet, vernacular houses might not be compatible with pressures of modern construction. The question then becomes how to maintain relationships between spatial, social and environmental aspects while employing latest technologies and materials. Relationships in dwellings are assessed, through a typological analysis approach, as a trace of lifestyle and cultural values of the society, to attain parameters that are appropriate for sustainable tall developments. Download


  • Conference paper





      .Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W, " Vernacular neighbourhoods as models for socially‐sustainable vertical cities: a computational approach " , "International Conference for Sustainable Design of the Built Environment (SDBE 2017) Proceedings",Vol.-,No., -, London, UK, 12/20/2017 :الملخص
      The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has one of the world’s most rapidly expanding urban population. This issue has dramatic impacts on the built environment and increases the need for constructing sustainable vertical buildings. However, most recent developments in the study area have focused on utilising technology and have ignored the potential of incorporating social needs and cultural values. Information gained from a post-occupancy evaluation for contemporary apartment buildings in MENA region show that there are several problems affected the social life of residents. These include lower levels of social support, lower sense of community and familiarity with neighbours, and impacts on children as parents keep them inside apartments due to safety concerns and difficulties of supervision at a distance. Moreover, the excessive use of glazed facades and the standarization of floors destructed the privacy of the family and the identity of each unit. In contrast, vernacular neighbourhoods in the study area represent a successful example of a socially cohesive and healthy environment. For instance, the hierarchical configuration of public spaces and private courtyards allow for a high degree of social interaction between families, and at the same time maintain their privacy. This research aims to benefit from potentials of such horizontal clusters for generating socially-sustainable tall residential buildings that trace the cultural values of the society. Spatial analysis of various traditional neighbourhoods was adopted as a rigorous method for understanding the layout complexity and discovering logical topologies that have social or experiential significance. Using principles of shape grammar, results extracted from the analytical process, associated with specific requirements for vertical buildings, were used to identify sets of parametric rules that combine geometrical properties of spaces with aspects that enhance the social life of residents. Samples of potentially sustainable social solutions, generated by a computational tool, are presented.




      Amer Al-Jokhadar, " The innovation of a parametric tool for the design of socially sustainable apartment buildings in hot-arid regions " , "The Second Balqa' International Engineering Conference (BIEC 2019): Sustainability, Entrepreneurship, Innovation",Vol.-,No., Jordan Engineers Association, Dead Sea, Jordan, 12/03/2019 :الملخص
      Vertical developments could be considered as a hallmark of the contemporary cityscape, and a solution for the continuous urbanization. However, several impacts of such buildings could affect the social life of users, as it has considerably less attention than economic and environmental dimensions. This research aims to develop a computational model for addressing the social aspect in the design of vertical apartment buildings, which could enhance social interaction between neighbors, and improve the well-being qualities of residents, such as privacy and security. The model is based on exploring spatial-formal features that affect the social life in vernacular houses and neighborhoods in the Middle East and North Africa region. The developed tool, embedded in Rhino/Grasshopper, supports the recognition of the design brief, with the possibility of changing geometric and spatial parameters. Moreover, it offers an alternative method for implementing strategies of social sustainability and maximizing the connection with the context, culture, and people. Results of the evaluation process showed that the developed interface offers designers a tool to investigate a class of satisfactory design alternatives that are not expected rather than a single best solution. It gives the user a flexible way to capture the relationship between public and private zones, and insert a series of public courtyards distributed on the different levels of the building, with the possibility of generating a private courtyard inside each apartment. Such a process, which is managed by a set of predefined social and spatial rules, confirming the design process as a balance between creativity and rationality. Moreover, it is a transition from standard mass buildings to contemporary-vernacular projects that respect the cultural context, climate, and people. Download




      Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W., " Humanising the computational design process: integrating parametric models with qualitative dimensions " , "Parametricism vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development – Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD-2016)",Vol.-,No., Imperial House Publishers, London, UK, 11/07/2016 :الملخص
      Parametric design is a computational based approach used for understanding the logic and the language embedded in the design process algorithmically and mathematically. Currently, the main focus of computational models, such as shape grammar and space syntax, is primarily limited to formal and spatial requirements of the design problem. Yet, qualitative factors, such as social, cultural and contextual aspects are also important dimensions in solving architectural design problems. In this paper, an overview of the advantages and implications of the current methods is presented. It also puts forward a ‘structured analytical system’ that combines the formal and geometric properties of the design, with descriptions that reflect the spatial, social, and environmental patterns. This syntactic-discursive model is applied for encoding vernacular courtyard houses in the hot-arid regions of the Middle-East and North-Africa, and utilising the potentials of these cases in reflecting the life-style and the cultural values of the society, such as privacy, human-spatial behaviour, the social life inside the house, the hierarchy of spaces, the segregation and seclusion of family members from visitors, and the orientation of spaces. The output of this analytical phase prepares the ground work for the development of socio-spatial grammar for contemporary tall residential buildings that gives the designer the ability to reveal logical spatial topologies based on social-environmental restrictions, and to produce alternatives that have an identity, and at the same time respect the context, the place, and the needs of users. Download




      Al-Jokhadar, A. and Jabi, W., " Towards a ‘contemporary vernacular’ high-rise residential development in the Middle East and North Africa: learning from the socio-spatial qualities of the vernacular model " , "The 5th International Jordanian Architectural Conference: Contemporary Architecture in the Arab World.",Vol.-,No., Jordan Engineers Association, Amman, Jordan, 11/01/2016 :الملخص
      In the age of globalisation and continuous urbanisation, architects have a greater responsibility to design residential buildings with comfortable and sustainable environments. However, sustainable solutions should not concern themselves only with utilising technology, but also with creating synergies amongst community’s social, cultural, historical, and environmental aspects. This research focuses on the implications of this wider definition of sustainability within the hot-arid climates of the Middle-East and North-Africa. Most of the current high-rise residential buildings in these regions do not promote social cohesion as they have been constructed without consideration for local identity and lifestyle. In contrast, vernacular courtyard dwellings and neighbourhoods offer good examples of socially cohesive and healthy environments. Yet, vernacular houses might not be compatible with pressures of modern construction. The question then becomes how to maintain the relationship between the spatial, social and environmental aspects while employing the latest technologies and materials. This paper presents the different qualities of vernacular houses and neighbourhoods in the different regions of the Middle-East and North-Africa. Social and spatial relationships of different cases are assessed, through a typological analysis approach using a developed syntactic-geometric model, to trace the lifestyle and the cultural values of the society. The aim is a parametric exploration of appropriate sustainable solutions that facilitate the synergy of socio-climatic requirements, the well-being qualities of the residents, and the specifics of culture, time and people while designing sustainable high-rise developments. Download


  • Doctoral Dissertation





      Amer Al-Jokhadar, " Towards a Socio-Spatial Parametric Grammar for Tall Residential Buildings in Hot-Arid Regions - Learning from the Vernacular Model of the Middle East and South Africa " , "Towards a Socio-Spatial Parametric Grammar for Tall Residential Buildings in Hot-Arid Regions - Learning from the Vernacular Model of the Middle East and South Africa",Vol.-,No., Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK, 05/30/2018 :الملخص
      In the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, high-rise buildings could be considered as a hallmark of the contemporary cityscape, and a solution for the continuous urbanisation. Many benefits, such as preserving natural and green spaces in the city, and increasing the access to views, light, and air at height could be achieved. However, several impacts of such buildings could affect the social life of residents. The social dimension in recent developments has considerably less attention than economic and environmental dimensions. This research aims to develop a method for addressing the social aspect in the design of high-rise residential buildings, which could enhance the social life between neighbours, and improve the well-being qualities, such as privacy and security. Computation, as a tool for manipulating ideas, managing design parameters, and solving problems, is adopted to create synergies among a community’s cultural, social, and environmental aspects. Currently, the main focus of computational models is primarily limited to building performance, optimisation, and functional requirements. Yet, qualitative factors, such as social, cultural and contextual aspects are also important as they. The study aims to offer architects a computational tool that guides the emergence of sustainable solutions for high-rise residential buildings, and leads the building to be in harmony with the context and preferences of users. According to social survey conducted by the researcher in the study area, through distributing questionnaires to families from 17 countries, results of 173 responses showed that there are lower levels of social interaction between neighbours in contemporary buildings due to the lack of gathering areas. Moreover, the excessive use of glazed facades, and the sudden transition from public to private zones, destructed the privacy of the family and the specifics of the cultural context. On the other hand, the survey exposed potentials and impacts of vernacular houses and neighbourhoods on residents that could have effects on social interaction between families and their privacy. Yet, the vernacular model might not be compatible with the requirements of modern constructions while employing the latest technologies and materials. The study adopted a critical regionalism approach that creates a balance between tradition and the importance of progress and development. A systematic model of analysis, which combines ‘spatial reasoning’ and ‘space syntax’ methods, was suggested to discover the morphology of vernacular houses and neighbourhoods, and explore spatial topologies that have social or experiential significance. The model added new aspects, such as hierarchy of spaces, orientation, type of enclosure, shared surfaces, and geometric properties of spaces, to the justified graph of Hiller and Hanson, as a representation of formal and social realities. A total of 13 social indicators, with different units of representation, such as numbers, diagrams, and textual descriptions, were identified, and used to define spatial parameters, rules, and constraints. Results extracted from the analytical process for historical cases showed that courtyards, public spaces, and hierarchy of spaces are major features that have potentials to create a balance between social interaction and privacy. These results were combined with principles of shape grammars, and transformed into spatial rules that are associated with parameters and descriptions. Grammars that address the design of vernacular houses and neighbourhoods, were combined with requirements of high-rise buildings, and used for the construction of a parametric computational tool for the design of vertical residential developments. The developed tool supports the recognition of the design brief for high-rise residential buildings, with the possibility of changing geometric and spatial parameters. Moreover, it offers an alternative method for implementing strategies of social sustainability and maximising the connection with the context, culture, and people. The tool was used by the researcher, in addition to professionals and architecture students through an experimental study, to generate different solutions for high-rise residential buildings. The analysis of new alternatives showed that most cases achieved successfully principles of social sustainability. Moreover, usability evaluation for the tool that assesses the efficiency of the tool in the early stage of the design was conducted through distributing a questionnaire on the same participants. Results of the evaluation process showed that the developed interface offers designers a tool to investigate a class of satisfactory design alternatives that are not expected rather than a single best solution. It gives the user a flexible way to capture the relationship between public and private zones, and insert a series of public courtyards distributed on the different levels of the building, with the possibility of generating a private courtyard inside each apartment. Such a process, which is managed by a set of predefined social and spatial rules, confirming the design process as a balance between creativity and rationality. Moreover, it is a transition from standard mass buildings to contemporary-vernacular projects that respect the cultural context, climate, and people.
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